The Tropenmuseum’s collection was started in the colonial period. It’s worth knowing that the scope of the collection as a whole is much more extensive and includes contemporary works of art. As for the colonial art: it’s true that some of the objects were looted. Others may have been acquired through what is called involuntary loss of possession. We take a very positive and open stance toward returning them. And so, in 2019, the NMVW started a project presenting a preliminary outline of principles and processes at play concerning restitution. Even before this project, we returned objects upon request. The latest example is the kris attributed to the Prince of Diponegoro, which was returned to Indonesia in 2020.
The National Museum of World Cultures, to which the Tropenmuseum belongs, is hopeful when it comes to restitution. Twenty years ago, the topic was not up for discussion. Things have changed, though. We are also hopeful about the new government policy being drafted in accordance with the Council for Culture’s advisory report. As a museum, we look forward to its publication because, in the end, the collection is state property. And because it creates clarity, both for the applicants and the museums. National Museum of World Cultures The National Museum of World Cultures, of which the Tropenmuseum is a part, is in contact with communities and countries of origin. At the same time, we do a lot of research, sometimes in collaboration with communities and countries of origin. The research results are always made public. Research is needed to pinpoint where our collection comes from. How it can be interpreted. And what it consists of exactly. Sharing our research allows the countries and communities of origin to learn about the collection. And to determine if they want to apply for restitution. If they decide to do so, we come prepared. And the authorities will be able to decide more quickly.
It is essential that the countries themselves apply for restitution. Neither the museum nor the government can decide on behalf of the countries of origin what items they might want back. And whether they should want those objects back at all. That decision is up to them.
Read more about research project Pressing Matter.
Read more on restitution report for the government.